The History of Solaris

The history of Solaris, a Unix-based operating system developed by Sun Microsystems, shows that the company is innovative and flexible. Solaris, who can argue, is always ahead of the curve in the computer world. Sun is constantly adapting to the changing computer environment and trying to foresee where the computer world is going, and what the next one will need and develop new solutions for Solaris to take this into account.

Solaris was born in 1987 from an association between AT&T and Sun Microsystems to unite the leading Unix versions (BSD, XENIX, and System V) into an operating system. Four years later, in 1991, Sun replaced an existing Unix operating system (SunOS 4) with an SVR4-based system. This new operating system, Solaris 2, contained a number of new advances, including the graphical user interface of OpenWindows, NIS +, ONC, and was specifically designed for a symmetric multiprocessor.

This is Solaris & # 39; the history of continuous innovation, the new versions of Solaris appear almost every year for the next fifteen years. Sun ran continuously ahead of the curve, adjusting Solaris to the existing, ever-expanding, wider computing world. In the Solaris operating system, the catalog of innovations is too much here, but a few million are worth mentioning. Solar 2.5.1 In 1996, it added 32-bit CDE, NFSv3 file system and NFS / TCP, extended user and group IDs, and included support for the Macintosh PowerPC platform. In 1997, Solaris 2.6 introduced the WebNFS file system, Kerberos 5 security encryption, and large file support for Solaris & # 39; internet performance.

In 1998, Solaris 2.7 (renamed only as Solaris 7) contained a number of new advances, such as native support for file system metadata logging (UFS logging). It was the first 64-bit edition that drastically increased its performance, capacity and scalability. In 2000, Solaris 8 went on, the first operating system to combine data centers and dot-com requirements to support IPv6 and IPSEC, multipath I / O and IPMP. In 2002, Solaris 9 wrote OpenWindows on the server market wall for Linux compatibility and added a resource manager, Solaris Volume Manager, extended file attributes, and iPlanet Directory Server.

Solaris 10, the current version, was released to the public in 2005 free of charge and with many new developments. The latest developments in the computing world are constantly being incorporated into the new versions of Solaris 10 every few months. To name a few, Solaris provides more and more compatibility with Linux and IBM systems, introduced the GNOME-based Java Desktop system, added Dynamic Tracing (Dtrace), NFSv4, and later the ZFS file system.

In 2006, Sun created the OpenSolaris project. In the first year, the OpenSolaris community has expanded to 14,000 members with 29 user groups worldwide working on 31 active projects. Although its commitment to open source ideas is characterized by profound engagement, it also offers thousands of developers for Sun, which are basically free.

Developing the Solaris Operating System at Sun Microsystems & # 39; at the forefront of the computing world without losing the connection to the current computing environment. Sun regularly releases the latest versions of Solaris, which include the latest IT developments, yet include cross-platform compatibility and advancements in other systems. The OpenSolaris project is the final appearance of such strengths. Sun has become the creative energy of developers around the world and receives immediate feedback on the wishes and needs of the audience. If you took all the software vendors lessons from Sun, imagine how exciting and sensitive the industry is.

Source by Tom Kranz

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