I've always been interested in the subject of intelligence. As a child, my mother would call me "smart," but I quickly noticed that every parent found her children smart. In time, I discover that every child is not smart, just as every child is not cute. If that were the case, then our world is filled with beautiful, smart people who are not.
Some of us are smart; but are not as clever as we think, and others are smarter than they seem to be, questioning how to determine reasoning? What makes one person smarter than the other? When does "street intelligence" mean more than "book intelligent"? Can you be smart and stupid? Does smart have the direct impact of genetics or one environment?
Then there are questions of education, intelligence and wisdom.
What does a highly qualified person mean? What's the difference between highly trained and extremely intelligent? Are you highly trained, automatically intelligent? Can one be intelligent without being highly trained? Do IQs really mean what? What makes a wise man? Why is wisdom characteristic of the elderly?
My quest to find answers to these questions inspired many hours of intense research, including 6 books, hundreds of research papers and countless lessons on the Internet; in terms of intelligence and education, such as Howard Gardner, Richard Sternberg, Linda S. Gottfredson, Thomas Sowell, Alfie Kohn and Diane F. Halpern, compared to the lifetime of studies and research that play a pioneering role in intelligence and education on the square. .
My goal was simple: collecting, synthesizing and presenting data that means that they are smart, intelligent and intelligent for anyone to understand and use them. In this regard, there was no better (or better) place to start than the beginning of our existence: as a fetus in the womb.
There is growing evidence that consumption of high blood foods is crucial to building a pre-natal brain before and during pregnancy. Researchers were closely related to low levels of iron disease and reduced IQ. Iron-rich foods include lima beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, spinach, asparagus, broccoli, seafood, nuts, dried fruits, oatmeal and enriched cereals.
Low-grade children in the uterus (in the uterus) scored lower scores for each test and showed significantly lower language ability, fine motor skills and tractability than higher prenatal iron children. In essence, proper prenatal care is essential for the development of cognitive abilities.
Cognitive Skills are the basic mental skills we use for thinking, learning and learning. These include a wide range of mental processes used to analyze sounds and images, recalling information from memory, combining certain information and focusing on certain tasks. Individually identifiable and measurable. The strength and efficiency of cognitive ability are directly related to the students. learning is easy.
RED, SPIRIT AND SPIRIT EFFECTS
During pregnancy, consumption is not smart. In fact, he's really stupid.
According to a study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research light and moderate drinking, especially in the second trimester, is associated with lower IQs in offspring at age 10. This result was particularly pronounced in African American rather than Caucasian offspring.
"The IQ is the child's ability to learn and survive, which predicts successful chances in school and everyday life." Although a small but significant proportion of children are diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) every year, many more children suffer during pregnancy who do not meet the criteria of FAS, yet they may experience lack of growth and cognitive functions, "said Jennifer A Willford, Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh
Paul D. Connor, Clinical Director of the Fetal Alcohol and Drug Division, and Assistant Professor of Psychiatric and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington "There are several areas of cognitive functioning that are can reliably affect normal IQ, including academic performance (especially arithmetic), adaptive operation, and implementation functions (ability to solve problems and experience learning). Intellectual, performance, adaptive and enforcement shortcomings may make it difficult to manage finances independently, without help, and can understand the consequences of failures – or their proper response. "
This is a key finding that deals directly with the (psychological) definition of intelligence discussed later in this article. Studies have shown that is the common exposure of the human fetus (19459004) to ultrasound waves associated with newborn's body mass reduction in the incidence of left-handedness and deferred speech
As ultrasonic energy is a high-frequency mechanical vibration, researchers assume that they can affect neuronal migration in the developing fetus Mammalian neurons multiply the early stage of fetal development and then migrate to the final Any interference or interruption in the process may result in abnormal brain function
Commercial companies (which are ultrasonic for "souvenirs") are now more powerful ultrasound machines they can provide popular 3D and 4D images, but it takes longer to try to put the fetus's 30-minute videos into the uterus.
The Newest Journal New Scientist Reported: Ultrasound examination can prevent cell division and commit suicide. The routine scanners that have been shown to doctors over the past 40 years through fetuses and internal organs affect normal cell cycles.
The FDA website publishes this information on ultrasounds:
Ultrasound exists for many years, pregnant women and their families need to know that the long-term effects of recurrent ultrasonographic exposure to the fetus are not fully understood . For all the things that are not yet known, it is not a good idea for non-medical reasons with pre-birth ultrasound.
Now that you know some of the known factors that determine, improve and influence the intellectual development of the fetus, the time of conception. If a baby is born that will be more critical in developing its meaning: nature (genetics) or education (the environment)?
Centers, scientists and psychologists rightly walked back and forth. I have read a number of comprehensive studies and reports on this topic in the research phase of this article and I think it is time to relax this debate. Both nature and education are as important and must be fully respected in the spiritual development of each child. This can not be a / or a suggestion.
According to a recent study, early intervention in the home and in the classroom can make a big difference to a child born in extreme poverty [Ericaccording to Eric Turkheimer, psychologist at Virginia University in Charlottesville. The study concludes that while the genetic composition explains the majority of IQ differences for children in richer families – and not genes – that make a bigger difference to minority children living in low-income homes .
More specifically, what researchers call "inheritance" – to what extent IQs are influenced by genes – decreased significantly in poor families. "Once is in the right environment its genes begin to take over," said Mr. Turkheimer, "but in a bad environment genes do not have that ability."
But there are reports that contradict these results … something.
The General Intelligence Factor Linda S. Gottfredson, professor of the Delaware University School of Education that the circles shared by brothers have little to do with the IQ. Many people still misunderstand that social, psychological and economic differences between families bring lasting and significant differences to the IQ.
He found that behavioral genetics refer to environmental impacts such as "common" because they are common to commonly grown brothers. According to her reports, the inheritance of the IQ increases with age; that is, the amount that genetic accounts of differences among individuals in the IQ increase as people become older.
also explains that comparisons with the same and brother twins in the past decade by Thomas J. Bouchard, Jr., University of Minnesota and other schools led to 40 percent of the IQ differences between kindergartens in 19459003 genetic differences, but herpesability ranges from adolescence to 60 percent and to 80 percent of late adulthood.
And this is probably the most interesting information and relevant to this part of my article:
Differences in age with different individuals in their advanced intelligence better reflect their genetic differences. The effects of the environment on intelligence seem to fade rather than grow over time.
Bouchard came to the conclusion that young children have been subjected to the circumstances of their lives by parents, schools and other sectors of society, but when older people become more independent and find life segments that are most fond of genetic their potential. New Zealand Christchurch's Faculty of Medicine has studied more than 1,000 children between April and August 1977. From birth to one year, information was collected about how to nourish these children.
The infants were followed by 18 years of age. Over the years, researchers have collected a large number of cognitive and scientific information about children including IQ, school performance in reading and math, and the results of standardized tests of reading comprehension, math, and scholastic abilities. The researchers also examined how successful the number of passive values achieved at national school certificate examinations at the end of the third year of secondary school.
The results showed that longer children were breastfeeding, the higher they were in those studies. Thomas Sowell, author, Competition, IQ, Black Crimes and Facts Liberals Ignore Open some impressive information that every parent has to make a comment. He writes:
There is a strong case that black Americans are in many disadvantages. Studies show over and over again that black children, on average, are exposed to a smaller vocabulary than white children, partly because of socio-economic factors.
While children from professional households are generally exposed to 2,150 different daily words, children in working-class households are exposed to 1250 and households are exposed to only 620.
Yes, smart kids are usually educated, professional, two-seater, with valuable language skills and vocabulary from intelligent speakers.
Mr. Sowell continues: Black children obviously are not responsible for their poor socio-economic situation, but things that go beyond the economic situation in black homes are working. Black people did not sign up for the "great mission" of the white middle class – this is a constant endeavor to encourage intellectual growth and to involve their children in Harvard or Oxbridge.
Elsie Moore, Arizona State University, Phoenix, studied black babies who were adopted by black or white parents, both middle class professionals. At the age of 7.5, IQ points in the black homes were behind them, raised in white homes. At this moment, my research has revealed to me and you must be aware that many children tend to be smart, educated and intelligent, simply their own exposure is the influencing factors that determine them long before they start school .
A specific mother, proper pre-nursing care, well-trained, communicative parents, and a nutritious environment in which they will live, each has accumulated benefits that formulate intellectual abilities. As you can see, some children will have unfair advantages from the start.
Malcolm Gladwell, author of the top-selling book Outliers wrote that "accumulated benefits" are made possible by arbitrary rules … and such unfair advantages everywhere. "Successful people who are most likely to receive social opportunities that lead to further success," he writes. "Those rich who get the biggest tax breaks and the best students who get the best teaching and attention."
With this in mind, we turn our attention to education and intelligence. Alfie Kohn, author of the book What does a well-trained person mean? is the question of whether the term well-qualified refers to the quality of school received or something about you? Does he name what he taught? Or what do you remember?
I claim that well trained is in the application; use and use of information. Information needs to become knowledgable and, as we all have heard, knowledge is power.
Most people are aware of this country's level of education status. We say to our children that is nothing more important than obtaining "good" education and every year because of government deficits teachers are dismissed, classes shrink, schools are closed and many educational programs, , which help the disadvantaged.
The reality is that we do not really appreciate the education. We value business, industrial, political ammunition, and accepted forms of discrimination, but not what they are targeting: a tool for enriching the character and life of the individual through learning.
What we value as a society is athletes and their entertainment. The fact that a professional athlete empowers more money in a season than most teachers in any region during their career is spoiled. There is always money to build new sports grounds, but it is not enough for teachers to get decent (and well deserved) raises.
Ironically, the best teachers do not go into the profession for the money. They teach because they're calling. Most of them were influenced by a very good teacher as a student. With the mass emigration of teachers, many students are unable to nurture mentoring relationships as they have been able to do so, as many leave the profession – voluntarily and involuntarily – over an average of three years.
At the junior high school where I started, the focus is not on how to educate students to prepare them for life or even college (all secondary schools must be colleges, right?). was about to prepare them for standardized tests. Afterwards, the controversial "exit" examinations were carried out and literally many high schools were transformed into test centers. Learning is almost secondary.
This way of thinking passes to college, which must of course be a test to be able to enroll (SAT or ACT). This explains why so many college students deal with the course rather than learning from it. They focus on acquiring "A" and degrees, rather than becoming selective thinkers. The latter require greater demand among employers and include most of the self-employed. "Get-the-good-grade" thinking is actually due to the continued and often unnecessary testing that our students submit to schools.
Alfie Kohn supports the "exhibition" of learning, in which students can explore their understanding through in-depth projects, assignment portfolios and other demonstrations.
Cites the groundbreaking model of Ted Sizer and Deborah Meier. Meier emphasized the importance of the students, who have five "theoretical habits", which are: the question of the questions of 19459004 evidence ("How do we know what we are?"), Point of View ("whose perspective is it?") ("How do you relate to this?"), Assuming ("How can things be different?"), And relevance ("Why this is important?").
Kohn writes: This is just raising and answering capabilities that are important, but at the same time the provision. Nevertheless, any group of intellectual goals, a description of what it means to think deeply and critically, should be referring to interest or internal motivation for such a mindset … well-trained then the desire and the means to make sure that learning never ends … … The story and purpose of the IQ
We've always wanted to measure intelligence. Ironically, when we look at the first methods that were evaluated in the 1800s, they were not very intelligent. A tactic such as engaging people in various forms of torture to see what the threshold of pain was (the longer it was able to withstand the abuse, the more intelligent they felt), or trying to detect the sound of a high sound that others could not hear .
Things have changed … or are they?
The intelligence and IQ conversation can not be fulfilled without mentioning Alfred Binet, a French psychologist who was responsible for establishing IQ testing in 1904. His original intention was to develop an investigation that diagnosed students' learning difficulties. France. Test results were then used to make special programs to help students with learning difficulties.
It was never intended to use the absolute intellectual abilities to measure.
According to Binet, intelligence can not be considered as a single point. He said that using Intelligence (IQ) as a definite statement of the child's intellectual capacity would be a serious mistake. In addition, Binet feared that IQ measurements would be used to condemn the child to the "constant" state of stupidity, thereby adversely affecting his education and livelihood.
The original interest in the "intellectual era" – the average level of personal intelligence of the given age. His creation, the Binet-Simon test (originally "Scale"), created the archetype for future intelligence tests.
HH Goddard, Research Director at Vineland College, New Jersey, translated Binet's work into English and suggested the more general use of the Simon-Binet test. Unlike Binet, Goddard considered intelligence to be a lonely, fixed and well-established unit that could be measured. The end product of Stanford University, Lewis Terman, became the standard intelligence test in the United States in 1916, Stanford-Binet-Simon Intelligent Scale (Stanford-Binet, Stanford Revision).
It's important to note that the IQ error is that is fixed and can not be changed. The fact that IQ scores know that they fluctuate – both and downhill through one life cycle. It does not mean that you are becoming more and less intelligent, it only means you have tested better one day than in the other.
Another thing I must know about IQ tests: they have been used for racist purposes since importing them to the United States. Many people who participated in importing and refining tests believed the IQ was hereditary and responsible for the mistake that this is a "fixed" feature.
Many immigrants have been tested in the 1920s and have sadly failed in these IQ tests. As a result, many were denied entry to the United States or forced to sterilize, fearing to "dumb" and "inferior" babies in America. If you remember, tests were designed for white middle class Americans. Who do you think would be the greatest difficulty?
Lewis Terman developed the original IQ notification and proposed this scale to classify IQ scores:
000 – 070: Final Weakness
070-079: Linear Loss
080 – 089: Dullness
090 – 109: Normal or Average Intelligence
110 – 119: Overwhelmed Intelligence
115 – 124: Above Average (eg University Students)
125 – 134: Genius (eg Professors)
155 – 164: Genius (eg Nobel Prize winner)
165 – 179: Great Genius
180 – 200: The Highest Genius
200 – Higher: Ingenious Genius
* Genius IQ Generally It starts around 140-145, which accounts for only 25% of the population.
* Einstein was "only" considered to be 160 IQs. "Diane F. Halpern, Psychologist and Past President of the American Psychological Association (APA), Diana F. Halpern  wrote in his contribution to the Essay that intelligent people are generally recognized as intelligent if (1) have a good combination at school, (2) high level education, (3) responsible, complex task, (4) some other recognition that it is intelligent, such as prestigious prizes or high pay, (5) complex (6) solving difficulties and new problems
During my research and in the early stages of the article, I have put the word of intelligence in a lot of sense, some who were long, some were short, some still not The most widespread definition that APA creates is the ability to adapt to a particular environment and learn a hi
What do you mean, the word environment is again … It just seems we do not escape. This gives a deeper meaning to the saying, "When you do in Rome, as the Romans do." This means that you recognize what is happening in your environment and intelligence adjusts to it – and the people who occupy it – in order to survive and succeed in it.
There are different forms of intelligence. Mostly, they are created by Dr. Howard Gardner, a professor from Harvard University.
Dr. Gardner believes (and I agree) that our schools and culture focus most of the attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. We judge the very articulated or logical peoples of our culture. Dr. Gardner, however, says that we must pay equal attention to those individuals who present presents in other intelligences: artists, architects, musicians, scientists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs and others who enrich the world we live in .
He felt that the traditional notification notification based on IQ testing was far too limited and in 1983 he created  Multiple Intelligence Theory to reflect the wider human potential of children and adults.
Intellectual Intelligence ("intelligent word")
Intelligence Intelligence ("intelligent word")
Intellectual Intelligence ("intelligent word")
Science Intelligence ("Intelligent Intelligence")
Dr. James Gardner was not associated but respected the same: Raymond Cattell's psychologist first proposed the concept of liquid and crystallized intelligence and developed the theory with John Horn. The theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence, Cattell-Horn, suggests that intelligence consists of many different capabilities that work together and work together to produce individual intelligence.
Cattell defined the liquid intelligence as "… the perception of relationships irrespective of previous specific practice or instructions." Liquid intelligence is the abstract thinking and intelligence as well as solving the problems. This ability can be considered independently of learning, experience and education. Examples of using liquid intelligence: solving puzzles and developing problem-solving strategies.
Crystallized Intelligence Past Experience and Learning Learning . Situations requiring crystallized intelligence include reading comprehension and vocabulary exams. This kind of intelligence is based on facts and experiences. This kind of intelligence becomes stronger as it grows old and accumulates new knowledge and understanding.
Both types of intelligence are growing in childhood and adolescence. Liquid intelligence peaks in adolescence, and gradually decrease in age 30 or 40. Crystallized intelligence continues to grow in adulthood. Successful Intelligence written by the intelligence psychiatrist and professor Yale Robert J. Sternberg, who believes that the whole concept of IQ is misleading in relation to life, because he believes IQ is a very pitiful predictor of life.
His successful intelligence theory focuses on three types of intelligence that together contribute to overall success: Analytical Intelligence ; mental steps or components to solve problems; Creative Intelligence : Using experience in a way that promotes insight (creativity / divergent thinking); and Practical Intelligence : the ability to read and adapt to the contexts of everyday life.
As regards the environment, Mr Sternberg in his book on Successful Intelligence writes: Successfully intelligent people recognize that their environment in which they find themselves are unable or unable to exploit their talents. They are actively looking for an environment where they can not only do a successful job, but also make a difference. They create opportunities and do not let the opportunities limit the circumstances in which they find themselves.
As a tutor, I sign up for Mr. Sternberg's Successful Intelligence in Teaching. It was a very powerful tool and way of thinking for college students. Successful intelligence as a context-driven learning curriculum is really motivated by students to see that education increases the inability of their goals and motivates them to develop their expertise. Sternberg úr úgy véli, hogy a szakértelem megszerzésének legfontosabb tényezője célirányos elkötelezettség. Az Emotional Intelligence Daniel Goleman legkedveltebb 1995-ös könyvében azt jelentette, hogy a kutatások azt mutatják, hogy a hagyományos intelligencia – IQ – csak 20% -át teszi ki az embernek. s siker az életben. Például az IQ és az oktatás kutatásai azt mutatják, hogy a magas IQ a kollégium évfolyamainak 10-25% -át megelőzi. A százalékarány a sikertől függően változik. Mindazonáltal, Goleman állításai felteszi a kérdést: Mi a másik 80% -ot? Találtad … Emotikus Intelligencia. Pontosan mi az érzelmi intelligencia? Az érzelmi intelligencia (más néven EQ vagy EI) az érzelmek érzékelésére, ellenőrzésére és értékelésére utal. Számos vállalatnak jelenleg kötelező EQ-képzése van a menedzserek számára annak érdekében, hogy javítsa a munkavállalói és a termelékenység növelését
TACIT KNOWLEDGE aka "STREET SMARTS"
Hallottad ezt a kifejezést: "A tapasztalat a legnagyobb tanító …"
A pszichológia körökben a mindennapi tapasztalatokból nyert ismeretek hallgatólagos tudás . A társalgás kifejezés "utcai intelligenciák", ami azt jelenti, hogy a formális, osztálytermi oktatás (aka "könyv intelligensek") semmi köze ehhez. Az egyént nem közvetlenül utasítják arra, hogy mit kell tanulnia, hanem inkább ki kell vonnia a fontos leckét akkor is, ha a tanulás nem az elsődleges cél.
A hallgatólagos tudás szorosan kapcsolódik a józan észhöz, ami egy alapos és körültekintő ítélet, amely a helyzet vagy a tények egyszerű megítélésén alapul . Mint tudják, a józan ész nem olyan gyakori.
Tacit knowledge, or the lessons obtained from it, seems to "stick" both faster and better when the lessons have direct relevance to the individual's goals. Knowledge that is based on one's own practical experience will likely be more instrumental to achieving one's goals than will be knowledge that is based on someone else's experience, or that is overly generic and abstract.
BEING BOTH SMART AND STUPID
Yes, it's possible to be both smart and stupid. I'm sure someone you know comes to mind at this precise moment. But the goal here is not to ridicule, but to understand how some seemingly highly intelligent, or highly educated individuals can be so smart in one way, and incredibly stupid in others.
The woman who is a respected, well paid, dynamic executive who consistently chooses men who do not appear to be worthy of her, or the man who appears to be a pillar of the community, with a loving wife and happy kids, ends up being arrested on rape charges.
It happens, but why? I found the answer in Why Smart People Can Be So Stupid . Essentially, intellect is domain specific. In other words, being smart (knowledgeable) in one area of your life, and stupid (ignorant) in another is natural. Turning off one's brain is quite common especially when it comes to what we desire. A shared character among those who are smart and stupid, is the difficulty in delaying gratification.
Olem Ayduk & Walter Mischel who wrote the chapter summarized: Sometimes stupid behavior in smart people may arise from faulty expectations, erroneous beliefs, or purely a lack of motivation to enforce control strategies even when one has them. But sometimes it is an inability to regulate one's affective states and the behavioral tendencies associated with them that leads to stupid and self-defeating behavior.
The central character in this book who many of these lessons regarding being smart and stupid revolve around is Bill Clinton and his affair with Monica Lewinksky.
WISDOM & CONCLUSION
My great grandmother, Leola Cecil, maybe had an 8th grade education at the most. By no stretch of the imagination she was highly educated, but she had what seemed like infinite wisdom. She was very observant and could "read" people with starting accuracy. Till the very end of her life she shared her "crystallized intelligence" with whomever was receptive to it.
She died at the age of 94. I often use many of her sayings as a public speaker, but most importantly, I use her philosophies to make sure that I'm being guided spiritually and not just intellectually. Many of us who are lucky enough to have a great grandparent can testify that there is something special about their knowledge. They seem to have life figured out, and a knack for helping those of us who are smart, educated and intelligent see things more clearly when we are too busy thinking.
What they have is what we should all aspire to end up with if we are lucky: wisdom.
Wisdom is the ability to look through a person, when others can only look at them. Wisdom slows down the thinking process and makes it more organic; synchronizing it with intuition. Wisdom helps you make better judgments regarding decisions, and makes you less judgmental. Wisdom is understanding without knowing, and accepting without understanding. Wisdom is recognizing what's important to other people, and knowing that other people are of the utmost importance to you. Wisdom is both a starting point, and a final conclusion.