Textured or tactile surfaces that were sometimes subjected to tactile flooring, tactile ground indicators, and truncated cones were first introduced in Japan in 1967 and their use has gradually spread all over the world – sometimes the legislation is pedestrian, especially the visually impaired.
Various textured surfaces are available and can have different textures and colors. They are generally wear-resistant and provide a more or less permanent surface that requires much wear and tear before replacing them.
There are four main reasons why textures should be given to areas where people can walk, roam or drive:
- Discrimination between territories, Restricted to pedestrians, cycles or other traffic
- is obvious to those with visual impairment
- To make a non-attractive passage more attractive
- To make the surface more non-slip
In the case of textured and / or color surface treatment, the areas between pedestrians and wheeled transport can be clearly delineated. The apparent deterioration
Using contrasting colors and / or textures, it can make it easier for people with visual impairment to distinguish areas that are safe for them and where other traffic risks.
There are many areas where passengers pass through, it would not be attractive if they were simple concrete – by adding texture and coloring, they could become more appealing.
Many, but not all, textured surfaces can be made from materials that are slip-free or at least less slippery than many other surfaces. Thus, such surfaces are even more useful for vision defects.
Creating Textured Surfaces
There are two ways to create textured surfaces:
- When Surfaces were first Generated
- After a Layer After Laying
] When surfaces were first created
Textured surfaces can be wrapped with textured stones or textures to the surface as they are placed. Use of different colored stones or input of a colorant allows the color to be picked up.
Adding the texture later
Adding textured stones or tiles to existing surfaces. If the textured surface is created by adding an asphalt-type interface, it can be re-applied to the top of an existing textured surface.
Paving stones and tiles
The two main textures of the textures mentioned above: the stones and tiles have various advantages and disadvantages:
The gutters are robust and hard, but heavy, with limited texture and some colors.
Tiles made of synthetic polymers, in a wide range of textures and colors that are very lightweight and easy to handle. These can be provided by gluing or screwdriving – in the latter case it is easy to replace one or more insulated tiles. Textured (or tactile) surfaces can be made from different materials for different purposes, but each of them has the same goals: to increase the safety of crosslinkers and to improve the environment where they are laid.