Matthew Arnold is a very great fighter for anticipating real culture in the London community. He finds the material materialism that is trying to cool real culture. So, in this section, Arnold's society in England is divided into three categories – Aristocratic Class, Middle Class and Work Class. He finds anarchy very common in these classes and analyzes them with their virtues and disadvantages. He represents the Aristocratic class of his time as Barbains, the middle class of the Philistines and the Working Group as Populace.
His review of three classes of his time tries to make him a good trial criticized. For the Aristocratic class, he believes that this party lacks sufficient courage for resistance. He calls this class in Barbaras because they believe in their personality, freedom and doing the way they want. They had a lot of passion for sports. Their men's exercise, their strength and their good looks are certainly found in their Aristocratic class of time. Their courtesy feels like the Chivalry Barbarians, and their external style of behavior, achievements and powers inherited from the barbarians.
The second class is the middle class or philistine, known by its stupid wisdom, industry expert and felt occupied in industrialization and trade. Their eternal cartridges are the progress and prosperity of the country by building cities, railways and driving the great cycles in the industry. They have produced the largest brand fleet. Then they are empires. In this material progress, the working class is with them. All key advancements are in their hands.
The cluster is the working class or the inhabitant. This species is known raw and semi-developed because of poverty and other related diseases. This category is mostly used by barbarians and philistines. The author finds democratic fluids in this category because they get political awareness and come out of their fence places to assert English humanity the heavenly privilege to do as he wants, meet where he wants, bawling what he wants, and break it as he wants.
Following such a classification, Arnold finds a common basis for human nature in all. Thus you can create a spirit of sweetness and light. Even Arnold calls himself philosophical and raises his birthplace and social status in his quest for perfection, sweetness and light and culture. He further says that all three classes find happiness in what they want. For example, Barbarians like honor and consideration, smart sports and pleasure. Filists like fanaticism, business and money making and comfort and tea encounter, but Populace class, hated by class classes, likes shouting, hustling and great and beer. They hold all different jobs according to their social status. However, there are several souls in these categories who hope for culture with a desire to know their best or to see things as they are. They have the desire to exercise reason and make God's will to conquer.
In pursuit of perfection, it is not only a matter of genius or talent, but also in all classes. Indeed, the love or pursuit of perfection is within the vicinity of the people. He calls the man of culture as a true nurse to follow love and sweetness and light. He finds such persons in all three classes that have a common human spirit to pursue perfection. He says that the right source is the best self or right to achieve culture.
The best self or just the reason and the normal self:
Here he focuses on the best self or the right reason and ordinary self that can only be found in search of perfection. In this regard, he talks about bathos, surrounded by nature itself in the soul of man, presented in literary court about some criticism of literature and in some religious institutions of America. He further states that the idea of the highest self is very difficult for search for perfection in literature, religion, and even politics. The political system, which was common in its time, was by the barbarians. Leaders and governments sang Barbaras praise for the benefit of the Aristocrats. Tennyson welcomes in his poems the glory of the great British elders English with their understanding and respect for the laws. Arnold asserts that Tennyson sings praise of philosophers because this middle class is the country's backbone. Politicians sing praises of the apartment to bear their profits. Indeed, they play with their feelings, have shown the brightest powers of compassion and the oldest forces of action. All of these praise are just a patch trap and a taste to get an applause. It is the taste of bathos surrounded by nature itself in the soul of man and comes into the ordinary self. Normal itself satisfies readers to lead the nation. It's more admirable, but its benefits are damaged by representatives and rulers.
Arnold was inclined for the right reason as a priority subject to appeal to the best self. All parties must follow it, otherwise political crises will be hired and they will do what they want to do. In education, he wants the best of himself because it was at risk. He is of the opinion that when a special man's taste is in the baths he will tears over the other man because the right reason or the best self must not be in education. He asserts, for the right reason, that there is authority in education. The status of education issues stems from the lack of intellectual flexibility in educators who neglect the best self or the right reasons and try to appeal to the genials of trick for bathos; and tear it to normal operation and infinite diversity of these experiments.
Arnold wanted to reform in education by replacing public school executives from their old members to the state. Like politics, education entails the risk of unscrambled and unclear individual action. All actions must be examined for actual reasons or the best of the individual. It is the opinion of some people that the state can not influence the issue of education. Liberal groups believe in freedom, individual freedom to do as one wants and claim that state disruption in education is a violation of personal freedom. Arnold says that such an ideal of personal freedom is still indefinite.
Arnold's mission is that every person must respond to himself and must be perfect. Selected men or groups must dedicate themselves to the pursuit of perfection, and he agrees to agree with Humboldth, the German philosopher, if he sees perfection. The culture will make them perfect on their own basis. It is therefore necessary that the man try to seek human perfection by putting his best self or real reason. Culture, eventually, would find its official reason.
Source by Ali Asghar Joyo