The religious conviction of ancient Egyptians was the decisive influence on the development of culture. The Egyptian faith was based on the collection of ancient myths, nature worship and countless deities. Sumerians spent life in the service of the gods in the form of man-made sculptures. There was no organized set of gods; every city state had its own defenders, churches and priest kings. The Sumerians are probably the first to describe their beliefs that inspired much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. The Sumerians thought the universe consisted of a flat disc, surrounded by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamians had nothing to renounce the pyramids, zigzags were used and built for religious purposes. Both civilizations focused on religion. Egypt believed many gods. The gods who were believed by Mesopotamia were absolute rulers whose people were full of devotion. In both civilizations, religious leaders received a very high status and were kept in great respect. Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamians were polytheists, that is, they believed that their worlds were dominated by more deities. Both civilizations thought the gods had created them. Both cultures believed that they themselves were created to serve their gods. The names of both believers of the many gods and cults that respected the gods, and in both religions the priests were not special attire and made their daily lives in the churches and opened festivals every year to the public.
The Mesopotamian religion is the servants of the gods who have been forced to protect. The Egyptians believed that the gods were created by all men, but also on the basis of the country or the principle of order. Contrary to the followers of the Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians strongly believed in the latter life, which was expressed by the construction of such intricate graves as the pyramids. Sumerian afterlife entered a dark underworld to destroy eternity as Gidim (as a ghost). The Egyptians believed that their god made Egypt a sort of good and orderly refuge in the world of chaos and disorder. Much of the Mesopotamia god was a great heaven, Enlil god; later Enlil's worship was replaced by the Babylonian Marduk worship. For the Egyptians Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, the leader of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a symbol of God, Sin-Mesopotamia, while Ankh, a kind of crossing, a loop, a prominent representation of ancient Egypt's life. Enuma Elish tells Mesopotamian stories about creation and explains how Marduk became the boss of gods. The Egyptian book of the dead was a leader for the dead, creating magical spells and spells that can be attributed to the beyond. The ancient Nippur was the site of the main church of Enlil, while Babylon was the seat of the sanctuary of Marduk. Thébé and Karnak's temple complex was home to the worship of Amen Ra. In today's world, the remnants of these early religions are in Egypt's pyramids, the tombs of Pharaohs, and the Mesopotamian zigzags, the gods of the gods. The New Year's Festival was an important event in the Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt's most important festival was Opet. Since Egypt was the "gift of Nile" and is generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods reflect a positive religion, placing it on a positive lifestyle. Conversely, the Mesopotamian religion was bleak and grim. The ancient mesopotamian prayers show the lack of contact with gods and goddesses who have been suspicious of people and often sent disasters to remind all of their humanity. This was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.
Although the religions of the two civilizations showed many similarities, the differences were enormous. The most important are the importance and faith of the relationship between the afterlife and the gods. Because of these differences, we believe that civilizations were different because, in the early days, civilizations were grouped around their worship and values, but unfortunately these great civilizations were over.